Escher's "Gravity" 1952
The dilemma presented by the fact that newton's unidirectional, "inward pulling" law of gravity does not give the correct (observed) results in most cases involving galactic rotation can only be resolved by realizing that newton's "inward pulling" law of gravity is simply not applicable in these situations, or any other for that matter. newton's equations may "hold" for local environments, but due to the enormous speeds associated with something as large as a galaxy or as small as an Atom, the math must be modified in order to obtain correct values, for the realms of the very large and very small, fast moving objects.
"Over the last decades , astronomers have done a very simple experiment in which they measure the distribution of mass in a galaxy in two different ways by observing the orbital speeds of the stars; second, they make a more direct measurement of the mass by counting all the stars, gas and dust they can see in the galaxy (an impossible task). Each should tell them both the total mass in the galaxy and how it is distributed... They don't. There is always more mass needed to explain the observed motions of the stars, gas and dust (according to their dysfunctional model of gravity)... Newton's laws fail to correctly predict the motions of stars in the gravitational field of their galaxy.
The Gravity Cycle is the Universal Heartbeat of Creation
All forms of matter we know about give off light, either directly as in starlight or reflected from planets or interstellar rocks, gas and dust. So if there is matter we don't see, it must be in some novel form that neither emits nor reflects light (or, is absolutely non-existent and is the result of a flawed theory). And, because the (mathematical) discrepancy is so large, the majority of the 'matter' in galaxies 'must' be in this new form. Today most astronomers believe that this is the right answer to the puzzle (and they are totally wrong). There is 'missing matter', which is actually there but we don't see. This mysterious matter is referred to as the 'dark matter'. The dark matter hypothesis (a guess based on a massive misconception) is preferred mostly because the only other possibility-that we are wrong about Newton's laws, and by extension general relativity- is too scary to contemplate (academic cowards!)". (The Trouble with Physics pgs. 12-13)
YouTube link: "fudge factors" for fudge packers at 5:20
YouTube link: The dark matter and dark energy academic Frauds detailed
So-called "dark energy" is directly related to this fraud as a hasty and desperate fix, so there is no need to even bother explaining its absurdity, it goes without saying, so to speak. The bizarre idea of "gravitational collapse" is closely associated with these false theories about dark energy and dark matter, because the gravity mechanics of galaxies and star formation are not remotely understood by academicians any more, than the rest of the garbage they peddle in schools and the media. They are still trapped in the "epicycle styled myths" of ptolemy's time.
Gravity Bars (magnets) are Polarized Opposites in Infinite Regress
The dark matter-dark energy merry-go-round for the academic clods of physics
"It is believed, "that stars are made by the collapse of huge, hot masses of gas under their own weight. Of course a gas, as it contracts, heats up, and a heated gas wants to expand, and collapse would quickly be brought to a halt. However, it could be that the density is by then so high, that individual regions of the cloud are able to collapse separately, until they themselves fragment and so on, down to the point where the gas is so dense and opaque that further contraction initiates nuclear fusion, and stars are born. This concept, as we have indicated already, is facing severe difficulties. The collapse of a large cloud has recently been simulated on computers and the hierarchy of fragmentation essential to the picture does not take place: a cloud will collapse moderately and no more. There is a vexatious problem, never quite overcome, of the spin-up of a collapsing cloud. Even a small rotation is so magnified by collapse from nebular to stellar dimensions that the final object could not hold itself together". (The Cosmic Serpent, Pgs. 35-36)
Gravity Bars also known as Magnetic Bars
The idea of stars being formed from "collapsing hot gas" is just another pathetic academic idea and there is no evidence that this is how stars are formed, nor does their theory make any sense at all. It is a guess and a bad one at that. Even their computers models tell them this. Now, 25 years after this was confessed in the paragraph above, we still have professors parroting this same nonsense to their servile students. It defies reason and asks us to entertain the silly idea that gas just starts spinning (by what mechanism?) and voila we have a gravitational collapse of clouds "under their own weight" and this ignites a "nuclear furnace". Since the idea of stars being nuclear furnaces is provably a fraud, there is little reason to even proceed any further with this doomed scientific fantasy. These clouds float weightlessly in space, so how can they possibly collapse under their own weight? They do not weigh at all, they float. Also, this strange theory requires space to be a "crucible" which contains matter. It is not. Space is the inversion of matter. All matter produces wave-fields in its unwound condition, which is what we call space. Space is not independent from matter, it is it's necessary counterpart.
YouTube link: Astrophysics Quacks: Clouds collapse to create Suns, Planets and Moons LMFAO!
This is another typical example of academic groping and illustrates quite well how the information these scientist call their knowledge is not even close to reality. The cause is always sought in the superficial appearances of these events. Instead of contemplating these ideas with reason and intellect, using the "conscious light of intelligence" from within. Ad hoc guesses are shoveled into the "trough of ignorance" (academic theories) and scientist claim they have a working model which their peers may ruminate upon gleefully, with endless academic speculation and mathematical noodling.
The Optical "Electro-Magnetic" Lenses of "Gravity Bars"
Stars are incandescent, electro-magnetic plasma spheres and the twin opposing electrical vortices which give them their form are their cause. They implode all of the dust and gas within their wave-fields, because that is how vortices operate. They convert the low potential of the nebulous motions of space in their wave-fields into the highly concentrated kinetic energy of immensely rapid motion, which is then radiated magnetically outward to be electrically imploded again, perpetually. There is no such thing as gravitational collapse, anymore than there is a nuclear furnace warming our delicate mammalian skin with its toasty radioactive rays.
The flawed assumption of gravity being solely an inward pulling force can work in observations related to local environments, but likewise, it must be modified in the greater picture of the Universe as a whole. Since the concept of gravity must be modified, it is proven therefore to be untenable in it's current conceptual academic condition.
"The origin of the inward gravitational motion and the motion of the outward expansion of space and time are one and the same. Together they interact forming both the large structure of the universe, and the microcosmic structure of matter. The origin of gravity, the expansion of the universe and the cohesion of solids are all produced by the same theoretical motion that constitutes radiation and matter itself. The existence of this extremely simple, but powerful mechanism, is the necessary consequence of the nature of the proportions of space and time in the equation of motion.
The reasons, therefore, why gravity cannot be detected except in its effects, and why it cannot be screened-off, or modified in any way, is simple and straightforward: it is because the same motion that constitutes mass and inertia is also producing the action of gravity; the three-dimensional inward scalar motion of matter opposes the three-dimensional outward scalar progression of space and causes each mass aggregate to independently move inward towards all space locations and thus towards all other mass aggregates in sufficient proximity. But the three-dimensional displacement is also distributed three-dimensionally in extension space and thus attenuated by the inverse square law so that at a certain distance, which Larson calls the "gravitational limit", the three-dimensional outward Progression of space is greater than the inward motion of mass, and thus commences to disperse the locations of space, maintaining the separation of heavenly bodies". (Scalar Mechanics)
Academic Gravitational Lensing, Warping Space? Or, is it the Magnetic "Optical" Lensing of Electric Star Light along the Curved Electrical Pressure Gradients (lenses) of a Galaxy's Plasma Wave-field?
The Death of "Academic" Gravitational Lensing
"The Moon is not sustained in its position because of its motion, but because of its potential which demands its own equilibrium pressure. The Earth and the Moon push each other away by their expansion pressure with greater violence than they pull each other with their contraction pressure.
...The Earth would not fall into the Sun if motion ceased, any more than a balloon would drop to the Earth, or a cork sink in water. The Hydrogen expelled from the Sun cannot drop back to the Sun. The expansion pressure of the Sun's radioactivity will not permit it. The expulsion of the planets by the Sun and the impossibility of their return is based on the same principle. The difference is only one of relative potential.
...The motion of the planets and their satellites are not continuations of an original impetus (the big bang lie), nor are they continued because of the non-resistance of the ether. They are revolving in their orbits and rotating upon their axes, because they are floating in the flowing streams and whirling vortices of their own particular waves of energy accumulation (interference nodes). They cannot do otherwise than follow the direction of the pressures from behind and the suction from in front. They are ever seeking a place of rest and never finding it, so long as they are burdened with their form of concept.
...The Sun of the system is pushing them all slowly away to cool and drawing unto itself new light units for its regeneration which will enable it to replace the ejected planets and to continue its own potency". (The Universal One, Pg. 144)
Galaxies are not held together solely by an "inward pulling" gravity according to it's academic definition. They are formed and driven, by the dynamic, electrical effects of the galaxy's master electric-magnetic vortices of "electrically simulated light" which push solar systems into gyroscopic spirals around its center and this is the true tri-directional nature of gravity. The condensing North and South electro-magnetic vortex cones create bi-polarity in a cubic wave-field and the equatorial plane of expansion of the East-West "rotational pole", creates spherical systems, which we call Atoms, Stars and Galaxies. They are all based upon "self similar", electrical vortices.